Vowel & Consonant Combinations Vol III

Pronunciation of the vowel an consonant combination on page 5 of the Phonetic Pronunciation System. Please click on the link below.



Pronunciation of the vowel and consonant combinations found on page 4 of the Phonetic Pronunciation System. Please click on the link below.


Vowel & Consonant Combinations Vol I

Pronunciation of vowel and consonant combinations on page 3 of the Phonetic Pronunciation System. Please click on the link below.


Common English Words – Part I



Common Words


English words frequently have multiple meanings and therefore understanding is often challenging for the English language learner. Following is the first installment of common English words, their meaning, and sentences illustrating the indicated meanings.


Through – (Preposition) used as a function word to indicate movement into at one side or point and out at another—especially the opposite side; to indicate passage into and out of a treatment, handling, or process

Out of anger, Sam punched his fist through the wall for the fifth time this week.

The debris from space fell through the roof of the house down the street.

Everyone who enlists in the military must go through basic training.

————————————————————————————————————— used as a function word to indicate means, agency, or intermediacy; because of; by common descent from or relationship with


Obama became president through the manipulation of emotions.

Some in my family believe that we are related to Alex Hailey through my maternal grandmother.

Through ignorance of what has intentionally been done to its education system, the U.S. has fallen from first to 26th position in math and science.


over the whole surface or extent of; used as a function word to indicate movement within a larger expanse; used as a function word to indicate

The airplane wreckage was scattered through a valley that would take days to reach.

The farmer sewed seed through eight acres of freshly plowed land

The tornado deposited pieces of buildings through the town.


(adverb) from beginning to end; to completion, conclusion, or accomplishment; to the core; into the open

There is a great number of “all but dissertation” because they failed to go through with their plan.

Jake was caught in the severe thunderstorm and was soaked through when he came inside.

Recently, cures for cancer have been brought through to a point that they can be used on humans.


(Adjective) extending from one surface to another; admitting free or continuous passage; going from point of origin to destination without change or reshipment

The skywalk is a convenient through route from the international terminal to the domestic one.

The through roads in California are more like parking lots.

The through train from Tokyo to Sapporo was the fastest train I have ever ridden.

Form (Noun) the shape and structure of something as distinguished from its material;

The form of the statue was not very pleasing, however, it was carved out of some beautiful marble.


a body (as of a person) especially in its external appearance or as distinguished from the face;

Many women have forms that are very attractive to the eyes.


the essential nature of a thing as distinguished from its matter;

Any warm-blooded, higher vertebrate creature that nourishes its young with milk secreted by mameary glands and skin more or less covered by hair is a form of mammal.


established method of expression or proceeding; procedure according to rule or rote;

Courts in every country have a particular form that will be followed to ensure that justice is accomplished.


a prescribed and set order of words;

The oath of office for the president of the United States has an exact form.


a printed or typed document with blank spaces for insertion of required or requested information;

A person is required to fill out a number of forms simply to be seen by a doctor.


manner or style of performing or accomplishing according to recognized standards of technique; the resting place or nest of a hare;

Many observers have criticized Tim Tebow’s form, but they cannot deny that he is a winner.


a supporting frame model of the human figure usually used for displaying apparel;

The forms used by the department store did not accentuate the the designer’s style.


a mold in which concrete is placed to set;

The form collapsed because it was only designed to hold 30 cubic yards of concrete.


the printing type or other matter arranged and secured in a chase ready for printing;

Without the invention of the form, the printing of newspapers would have been impossible.


one of the different modes of existence, actions, or manifestation of a particular thing or substance;

There are so many forms of cancer that doctors and researchers are forced to specialize.


one of the different aspects a word may take as a result of inflection or change of spelling or pronunciation; a mathematical expression of a particular type;

Some ESL students have difficulty distinguishing verbal forms of English words.


the structural element, plan, or design of a work of art;

The Chinese form is readily identifiable in music and is distinct from Korean and Japanese forms.


the past performance of a race horse; known ability to perform

The racing form of Secretariat did not indicate that he would be a Triple Crown winner.


(verb) to give a particular shape to; shape or mold into a certain state or after a particular model

Her early, traumatic experiences played a significant role in forming the personality many people despise.


to arrange themselves

The cheerleaders formed and impressive pyramid that was dangerously high.


to serve to make up or constitute; be essential or basic element of

Pineapple junice, ginger ale, and sherbert form the punch you enjoyed so much.


to give form or shape to

Geologist believe that the Colorado River formed the Grand Canyon over millions of years.


to arrange in order

The troops formed a perfect rectangular and maintained it throughout their performance.

English Idioms – Part I




English idioms are a form of communication in which the meanings of individual words are superseded by the understanding of the phrases themselves. This is the first installment of English idioms and the learner should create three additional sentences after learning the ones presented here. Idioms, their meanings, and sample sentences follow:

regardless of (something)without considering or thinking about something, without regard to something

Regardless of the weather, we are going to go to the football game tomorrow evening.

Regardless of the consequences, Samantha will buy the purse she saw in the mall.

Regardless of the grade I received, I always ensured that my point of view was stated.

run into (something – a fact/trouble/problems/difficulty)to experience something, to encounter something

It seems that mechanics always run into additional problems when I have my truck repaired.
When I was doing research for my dissertation, I ran into some interesting facts about language learning.

Sam did not know what to say when he ran into a woman he had jilted many years ago.

so to speak – as one might or could say, this is one way to say something

The Bakers had a good time in France, so to speak, but they realized things would have been better if they spoke French.

Ellen said she and Tom were dating, so to speak.

Ebonics is a universal form of communicating, so to speak.

take over (something) – to take control of something, to take command of something

Wal-Mart appears to want to take over the retail and grocery industry in the United States.

When training new air traffic controller, I had to take over the position many time to maintain safety.

When AT&T took over Bellsouth, many top managers at Bellsouth were released.

up to – until, as far as a certain point, approaching a certain point

Up to the actual wedding ceremony, Terra believed that John was going to marry her.

Although Henry only invited twenty people, there were up to fifty people in the house.

Up to now, many Blacks believe that Obama is doing an outstanding job as president.

up to (someone) to decide/do (something) – to be responsible to choose or decide something

It is up to his wife to decide where to put the new furniture.

It was up to me whether or not I enlisted in the military.

The decision to merge the two companies was left up to the shareholders.

English Roots, Prefixes, & Suffixes Part I



By learning the roots, prefixes, and suffixes of English words, English learners can improve their understanding of spoken and written English, while significantly developing their vocabulary. In the following, I will prove a root, prefix, or suffix, the meaning, and sample words with their definitions.

Roots, Prefixes, & Suffixes

ac, ad  to, toward, near accelerate – to increase the speed of; accessible – easily entered, approached, or obtained; admittance – allowing into;
act do activity – something that a person does; react – to do something in response; interaction – communication between two or more things
aer/o air aerate – to let air reach something; aerial – relating to the air; aerospace – the air space
ami/o love amiable – friendly, pleasant, lovable; amity – friendly and peaceful relations; amorous – showing romantic love16788270614
ana up, back, against,
again, throughout
analysis – a close examination of something; anatomy – the structure of something as visible when cut up for analysis; anachronism – not being in the right place in time